Flores/Questions on The Tempest
Why does Prospero keep Caliban as his servant even when he despises him? Do Miranda and Ferdinand form a real relationship through the course of the. Relationship between Prospero, Caliban and Ariel in The Tempest Shakespeare's play, The Tempest is set on a mysterious island surrounded by the ocean. Study Questions What is its relation to Caliban's other speeches, and to his character in general? What is the nature of Prospero and Miranda's relationship?.
Act I Scene II. So, the Prospero and Ariel relationship is one of master-servant but the servant willingly obeys the master in exchange for later benefits in this case, Ariel obeys Prospero to obtain his freedom.
The Tempest – Ariel, Prospero and Caliban – a very wonky triangle - Blogging Shakespeare
The Epilogue is the only scene in the play in which we see Prospero ask others — the audience — for help. It shows him as a mere mortal who, stripped of his magic powers, is as vulnerable as the rest of us. It is incumbent on the audience to exhibit the same sort of mercy as he has just shown, indicating that we too have learnt to be magnanimous. For some critics, this new Prospero inspires admiration and sympathy. For others, he is now an impotent tyrant who, without any method of self-defence, is in a position to be punished for the wrongs he has done to the others characters during the play.
Prospero treats Caliban as a slave. The general complaint by those who have read the play, including most college professors, use the alleged complaint of rape as a justifiable reason for the poor treatment Caliban receives at the hands of all who come into contact with him.
But this is taking political correctness too far, in my opinion. Before we even meet Caliban, Shakespeare already builds suspense around him: We are already given information on Caliban so that we are prejudiced about him before he enters the story.
This is an interesting reading of the play as more of a coming to maturity tale a progression experienced by many characters to a degree — Miranda, Ferdinand, Prospero rather than a play about the politics of enslavement. Some call Hegel an idealist whose philosophy has essentialism as its foundation. Others feel that Hegel is more materialist than we give him credit for. In other words, Ariel being in bondage to Propsero is not the only way that Ariel can develop his consciousness, but it is the way it will occur in a patriarchal world — one that is rooted in hierarchical relations of power.
And certainly, that is the setting of this play. In a post-Patriarchal world there will be no Masters, Slaves, capitalists or workers. As Marx says, the working class will, through revolution, abolish itself. In other words, in that world, Ariel will not need to pass through the phases of enslaved labour in order to realize his full potential.
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust I like this analysis, but then it raises questions about what happens next, If Ariel acquires a mind of his own through work, what happens when he is set free? Is this not an ironic ending?
Also I am interested in the assumption lurking under this analysis that Ariel needs Prospero to reach his full potential and that the enslavement is in some ways useful and even empowering. The idea of co-dependency is interesting in relation to The Tempest and it is often represented as such on the stage, with master needing servant as well as servant needing master.The Tempest - Full Play
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Insightful as ever, Christian. One of the things which I have always found interesting about the tempest is how well Caliban and Ariel know eachother. Their relationship if such it is is a resounding blank.
Your suggestion that Caliban and Ariel work together to overthrow Prospero is one oddly neglected by Shakespeare. Christian Smith I agree with Zsolt that there is more to the story than what I wrote in my comment and will take his suggestion to extend my interpretation in light of Hegel and Marx. In paragraph of Ph. After much time of being alienated from his labour power the worker loses the possibility of this philosophically-contrived consciousness and succumbs to an emptying of his Geist.
Prospero's Fight with Ariel
Should Prospero have expected him to stay 'trained'? Are his actions representative of all colonized peoples? At the beginning of The Tempest, we learn that Prospero and Miranda attempted a project of civilizing Caliban. Should Prospero and Miranda have expected him to stay 'trained'?
If you read the play through the lens of post-colonial theory, does it suggest that Caliban is representative of all colonized peoples? Where do they each derive these powers and can the reader you come to some sort of conclusion as to who has the greatest powers?
If so, how did you come to this conclusion? Compare and contrast the powers of Prospero, Caliban and Ariel. From what does each derive his powers and how does the source of power affect characterization or even the kind of magic performed?
Colonialism and imperialism are major themes in the Tempest. Throughout the play the characters usurp power from each other. Analyze a few examples of usurpation in the play. Finally, how does this usurpation relate to colonialism and imperialism of the island and its inhabitants? How is the theme of usurpation carried out in the play? Which usurpations are expected and which ones are surprises?