Oil: U.S. Middle East Policy & Oil. by Mitchell Bard (Updated April ) According to a report of the Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee on. Importing over million barrels of oil per day, the U.S. is easily the world's “ Oil from the Middle East (specifically, the Persian Gulf) accounts for 17 . to as a “ special relationship” between Saudi Arabia and America. The United States' dependence on oil has long influenced its foreign policy. But European oil needs begin to be increasingly met by the Middle East and not the . President Carter responds by severing diplomatic relations and embargoing.
Saudi Arabia ranked number three and Algeria 6Iraq 7 and Kuwait 13 were among the top 15 suppliers of petroleum products to the United States in The Persian Gulf states alone supplied nearly 15 percent of U. The tactic was effective: Soon the major American oil companies backed the Arab cause in public, and privately worked to weaken U.
During the war, the companies cooperated closely with Saudi Arabia to deny oil and fuel to the U. Together with Saudi foreign agents, these corporations enlisted many other American firms to lobby on the Saudis' behalf.
After detailing many of the ties between Saudi Arabia and U.
United States foreign policy in the Middle East
The breadth and scope of the petrodollar impact is beyond any legal remedy. With so many corporations, institutions, and individuals thirsting after-and receiving-oil money, petrodollar influence is ubiquitous in American society. The result is the appearance of widespread, spontaneous support for the policies of Saudi Arabia and other Arab oil producers by American institutions ranging from universities to the Congress. Roosevelt had in mind for to a British Ambassador in We share the oil of Iraq and Kuwait.
As for Saudi Arabian oil, it's ours. Consequently, political scholar Fred H. Lawson remarks, that by the mid, U. At this time the region was going through great social, economic and political changes and as a result, internally the Middle East was in turmoil. Politically, the Middle East was experiencing an upsurge in the popularity of nationalistic politics and an increase in the number of nationalistic political groups across the region, which was causing great trouble for the English and French colonial powers.
History scholar Jack Watson explains that "Europeans could not hold these lands indefinitely in the face of Arab nationalism ".
United States foreign policy in the Middle East - Wikipedia
United States—Israel relations Inthe U. This process was not without its fights and loss of lives. Nevertheless, "the first state to extend diplomatic recognition to Israel was the United States; the Soviet Union and several Western nations quickly followed suit. No Arab state, however, recognized Israel. Za'im met at least six times with CIA operatives in the months prior to the coup to discuss his plan to seize power.
Za'im requested American funding or personnel, but it is not known whether this assistance was provided. Once in power, Za'im made several key decisions that benefitted the United States. Za'im also improved relations with two American allies in the region: He signed an armistice with Israel, formally ending the Arab—Israeli War and he renounced Syrian claims to Hatay Provincea major source of dispute between Syria and Turkey.